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CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW

Function

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW creates a full materialized view, and you can use REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW (full refresh) to refresh the data in the materialized view.

CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW is similar to CREATE TABLE AS, but it remembers the query used to initialize the view, so it can refresh data later. A materialized view has many attributes that are the same as those of a table, but does not support temporary materialized views.

Precautions

  • Full materialized views cannot be created in temporary tables or global temporary tables.
  • Full materialized views do not support NodeGroups.
  • After an full materialized view is created, most DDL operations in the base table are no longer supported.
  • The IUD operation cannot be performed on full materialized views.
  • After a full materialized view is created, if the base table data changes, you need to run the refresh command to synchronize the materialized view with the base table.

Syntax

CreateMaterializedView ::= CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW mv_name
    [ (column_name [, ...] ) ]
    [ WITH ( {storage_parameter = value} [, ... ] ) ]
      [ TABLESPACE tablespace_name ]
    AS query
    [ WITH [ NO ] DATA ];

Parameter Description

  • mv_name

    Name (optionally schema-qualified) of the materialized view to be created.

    Value range: a string. It must comply with the naming convention.

  • column_name

    Specifies a column name in the new materialized view. The materialized view supports specified columns. The number of specified columns must be the same as the number of columns in the result of the subsequent query statement. If no column name is provided, the column name is obtained from the output column name of the query.

    Value range: a string. It must comply with the naming convention.

  • WITH ( storage_parameter [= value] [, … ] )

    Specifies an optional storage parameter for a table or an index. For details, see CREATE TABLE.

  • TABLESPACE tablespace_name

    Tablespace to which the new materialized view belongs. If not specified, the default tablespace is used.

  • AS query

    Specifies the SELECT, TABLE, or VALUES command. This query will be run in a security-constrained operation.

Example

-- Create an ordinary table.
mogdb=# CREATE TABLE my_table (c1 int, c2 int);
-- Create a full materialized view.
mogdb=# CREATE MATERIALIZED VIEW my_mv AS SELECT * FROM my_table;
-- Write data to the base table.
mogdb=# INSERT INTO my_table VALUES(1,1),(2,2);
-- Refresh the full materialized view my_mv.
mogdb=# REFRESH MATERIALIZED VIEW my_mv;