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CREATE DATA SOURCE

Function

CREATE DATA SOURCE creates an external data source, which defines the information about the database that MogDB will connect to.

Precautions

  • The data source name must be unique in the database and comply with the identifier naming rules. Its length cannot exceed 63 bytes. Otherwise, it will be truncated.
  • Only the system administrator or initial user has the permission to create data sources. The user who creates the object is the default owner of the object.
  • If the password option is displayed, ensure that the datasource.key.cipher and datasource.key.rand files exist in the *$GAUSSHOME*/bin directory of each node in MogDB. If the two files do not exist, use the gs_guc tool to generate them and use the gs_ssh tool to release them to the *$GAUSSHOME*/bin directory on each node in MogDB.

Syntax

CREATE DATA SOURCE src_name
    [TYPE 'type_str']
    [VERSION {'version_str' | NULL}]
    [OPTIONS (optname 'optvalue' [, ...])];

Parameter Description

  • src_name

    Specifies the name of the new data source, which must be unique in the database.

    Value range: a string. It must comply with the naming convention rule.

  • TYPE

    Specifies the type of the data source. This parameter can be left empty, and its default value will be used.

    Value range: an empty string or a non-empty string

  • VERSION

    Specifies the version number of the new data source. This parameter can be left empty or set to null.

    Value range: an empty string, a non-empty string, or null

  • OPTIONS

    Specifies the options of the data source. This parameter can be left empty or specified using the following keywords:

    • optname

      Specifies the option name.

      Value range: dsn, username, password, and encoding. The value is case-insensitive.

      • dsn corresponds to the DSN in the ODBC configuration file.
      • username/password indicates the username and password for connecting to the destination database.

        The user name and password entered by the user are encrypted in the MogDB background to ensure security. The key file required for encryption must be generated using the gs_guc tool and released to the *$GAUSSHOME*/bin directory of each node in MogDB using the gs_ssh tool. The user name and password cannot contain the prefix “encryptOpt”. Otherwise, they are considered as encrypted ciphertext.

      • encoding indicates the character string encoding mode used for interaction with the destination database (including the sent SQL statements and returned data of the character type). Its validity is not checked during object creation. Whether data can be encoded and decoded depends on whether the encoding you specified can be used in the database.
    • optvalue

      Specifies the option value.

      Value range: an empty string or a non-empty string

Examples

-- Create an empty data source that does not contain any information.
mogdb=# CREATE DATA SOURCE ds_test1;

-- Create a data source with TYPE information and VERSION being null.
mogdb=# CREATE DATA SOURCE ds_test2 TYPE 'MPPDB' VERSION NULL;

-- Create a data source that contains only OPTIONS.
mogdb=#  CREATE DATA SOURCE ds_test3 OPTIONS (dsn 'MogDB', encoding 'utf8');

-- Create a data source that contains TYPE, VERSION, and OPTIONS.
mogdb=# CREATE DATA SOURCE ds_test4 TYPE 'unknown' VERSION '11.2.3' OPTIONS (dsn 'MogDB', username 'userid', password 'pwd@123456', encoding '');

-- Delete the data source.
mogdb=# DROP DATA SOURCE ds_test1;
mogdb=# DROP DATA SOURCE ds_test2;
mogdb=# DROP DATA SOURCE ds_test3;
mogdb=# DROP DATA SOURCE ds_test4;