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CREATE USER

Function

CREATE USER creates a user.

Precautions

  • A user created using the CREATE USER statement has the LOGIN permission by default.
  • A schema named after the user is automatically created in the database where the statement is executed, but not in other databases. You can run the CREATE SCHEMA statement to create such a schema for the user in other databases.
  • The owner of an object created by a system administrator in a schema with the same name as a common user is the common user, not the system administrator.

Syntax

CREATE USER user_name [ [ WITH ] option [ ... ] ] [ ENCRYPTED | UNENCRYPTED ] { PASSWORD | IDENTIFIED BY } { 'password' [EXPIRED] | DISABLE };

The option clause is used to configure information, including permissions and properties.

{SYSADMIN | NOSYSADMIN}
    | {AUDITADMIN | NOAUDITADMIN}
    | {CREATEDB | NOCREATEDB}
    | {USEFT | NOUSEFT}
    | {CREATEROLE | NOCREATEROLE}
    | {INHERIT | NOINHERIT}
    | {LOGIN | NOLOGIN}
    | {REPLICATION | NOREPLICATION}
    | {INDEPENDENT | NOINDEPENDENT}
    | {VCADMIN | NOVCADMIN}
    | CONNECTION LIMIT connlimit
    | VALID BEGIN 'timestamp'
    | VALID UNTIL 'timestamp'
    | RESOURCE POOL 'respool'
    | PERM SPACE 'spacelimit'
    | TEMP SPACE 'tmpspacelimit'
    | SPILL SPACE 'spillspacelimit'
    | IN ROLE role_name [, ...]
    | IN GROUP role_name [, ...]
    | ROLE role_name [, ...]
    | ADMIN role_name [, ...]
    | USER role_name [, ...]
    | SYSID uid
    | DEFAULT TABLESPACE tablespace_name
    | PROFILE DEFAULT
    | PROFILE profile_name
    | PGUSER

Parameter Description

  • user_name

    Username

    Value range: a string. It must comply with the naming convention. It can contain a maximum of 63 characters.

  • password

    Specifies the login password.

    The new password must:

    • Contain at least eight characters. This is the default length.
    • Differ from the username or the username spelled backward.
    • Contain at least three types of the following four types of characters: uppercase characters (A to Z), lowercase characters (a to z), digits (0 to 9), and special characters, including: ~!@#$%^&*()-_=+|[{}];:,<.>/?
    • Be enclosed by single or double quotation marks.

    Value range: a string

For other parameters, see CREATE ROLE.

Example

-- Create user jim whose login password is Bigdata@123:
mogdb=# CREATE USER jim PASSWORD 'Bigdata@123';

-- Alternatively, you can run the following statement:
mogdb=# CREATE USER kim IDENTIFIED BY 'Bigdata@123';

-- To create a user with the CREATEDB permission, add the CREATEDB keyword.
mogdb=# CREATE USER dim CREATEDB PASSWORD 'Bigdata@123';

-- Change user jim's login password from Bigdata123@ to Abcd@123:
mogdb=# ALTER USER jim IDENTIFIED BY 'Abcd@123' REPLACE 'Bigdata@123';

-- Add the CREATEROLE permission to jim.
mogdb=# ALTER USER jim CREATEROLE;

-- Set enable_seqscan to on. (The setting will take effect in the next session.)
mogdb=# ALTER USER jim SET enable_seqscan TO on;

-- Reset the enable_seqscan parameter for jim.
mogdb=# ALTER USER jim RESET enable_seqscan;

-- Lock jim.
mogdb=# ALTER USER jim ACCOUNT LOCK;

-- Delete users.
mogdb=# DROP USER kim CASCADE;
mogdb=# DROP USER jim CASCADE;
mogdb=# DROP USER dim CASCADE;